Direct estimation of early survival and movements in eastern wolf pups

Authors: Sparkman AM, Adams J, Beyer A, Steury TD, Waits L, Murray DL.

From the Journal of Wildlife Managemen

We tested for effects of helpers on early- and late-life traits in a population of reintroduced red wolves (Canis rufus), while controlling for ecological variables such as home-range size and population density.

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